McCallion, P.1, Hogan, M.2, Santos, F H.3, McCarron, M.4, Service, K.5, Stemp, S.6, Keller, S.7, Fortea, J.8, Bishop, K.9, Watchman, K.,10 Janicki, M.P.11 and the Working Group of the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia
Adults with intellectual disability are affected by dementia at equivalent and elevated rates; many surviving into advanced age. End-of-life care and support considerations come into play among these individuals when most are in the advanced stage of dementia. The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia’s report on end-of-life care in advanced dementia provides a synthesis statement which encompasses defining the state of advanced dementia, proposing use of palliative care services (including hospice), and recommending special efforts for enabling advanced directives and advance care planning prior to the extensive progression of dementia. The Summit recommended that when aiding adults with advanced dementia, the following be undertaken: integrative efforts between intellectual disability and palliative care providers, specialized training for carers on end-of-life care and supports, and involvement of adults with intellectual disability early on in their advance care planning.
This consensus statement was developed as an output from the 2016 International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia, held in Glasgow, Scotland, 13-14 October 2016, and hosted by the University of Stirling and University of the West of Scotland, funded by the RS MacDonald Trust, the Scottish Government, and Alzheimer Scotland. Collaborating sponsors included the National Task Group on Intellectual Disabilities and Dementia Practices (NTG) in the United States and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Developmental Disabilities and Health (RRTCDD), University of Illinois at Chicago. The Summit was composed of individuals and representatives of many international and national organizations with a stake in issues related to adults with intellectual disability affected by dementia. The contents of this statement were partially developed under a grant from the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living (ACL), National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) Grant # 90RT5020-03-00. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the US Department of Health and Human Services, nor the endorsement by the US federal government. The opinions expressed represent those of the Summit participants and of the NTG.
1University at Albany, New York USA
2Family Advocate, Eliot, Maine USA
3 University of Minho, Braga, Portugal
4 Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
5 Nurse Practitioner Consultant, Northampton, Massachusetts USA
6Reena Foundation, Toronto, Ontario Canada
7 American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry, Lumberton, New Jersey USA
8 Catalan Foundation for Down Syndrome, Barcelona, Spain
9Geriatrics Consultant, Lee Center, New York USA
10University of Stirling, Scotland
11University of Illinois at Chicago, Illinois USA
Address for Corresponding Author:
Philip McCallion, Ph.D.
Center for Excellence in Aging Services
University at Albany
Albany NY 12222 USA
Telephone: +1 518 442-5347
Accepted for publication in the Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disability (1/31/17)